Programmers type their programs in a programming language. Let’s have a look at the tech terms quiz. This translation process is called Compilation. Packet: Sections in which message or data are divided to transfer it over a network. It also contains a set of defined words called keywords (or “reserved words”) that have a specific meaning when used in a program. A program is a synonym for a piece of software, or an application. MOdulation and DEModulation. When you want to write an essay, you use a computer application such as Word or any text editor. Modem: Modem is a term created from the beginning letters of two other words viz. Class: A group of objects having same operations and attributes is defined as a class. DOS: DOS is an acronym for Disc Operating System. Computer Science - Basic Terms. Such a network spans over an area larger than a LAN. For additional information, please refer to the following sites: © 2021 Quickbase. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes, computational machines and computation itself. Software: Software is a program (coding) that the computer reads. Application Server: Application Server is a specialized server that is based on client/server architecture. Credit belongs to the original authors, especially to Peter Day, from whose glossary most of the terms were collected. Code is a synonym for the “instructions” within a file. Binary Code. These instructions are typically saved in files on your computer. Software provides the instructions that tell the hardware what to do. In essence, it’s a file saved on your computer, written in a programming language, that contains instructions to tell the computer what to do when the program is launched. It’s a set of communication protocols used to connect host computers on the Internet. Computer science is the study of both computer hardware and software design. All Rights reserved. Network: A Network is a group of computers connected to each other in order to send and receive data. There are 6 main components that make up a computer’s hardware: The CPU is often called the “brain” of the computer. LAN: LAN is an acronym for Local Area Network that spans small area. ‘Zhuang studied computer science at college for two years, but never had any real interest in the subject.’ ‘The facility will investigate computer science and the social context of technology.’ ‘It has yet to become a widely accepted core element of computer science or IT degree programs.’ Client: A client is a program that asks for information from other processes or programs. It’s also synonymous with software. In simple words it is an automatic processing with the help of computer systems. This term refers to the amount of information that can be transmitted or processed, either wirelessly or... 3. Thi… Learning how to debug a program is a skill that you will develop over the course of your professional life. Computer Science: Abbreviations - In this chapter, we will discuss the different abbreviations in Computer Science. A Network allows your computer to connect to other computers around the world. Tech Terms Quiz about the important and widely used terms in the field of Computer Science and Information Technology. Adobe Photoshop is software. User-focused aspects of computer science include computer graphics and user interface design. Bit. While each can denote something that varies slightly, for your introductory understanding, you can think of the following as being equivalent: Computers and humans represent and understand information in different formats. Note: a lot of these topics are covered in the following introductory textbook to C programming: The Art and Science of C, by Eric Roberts, https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pattis/15-1XX/common/handouts/ascii.html, https://codebeautify.org/decimal-binary-converter, The Art and Science of C, by Eric Roberts, Six Reasons Why You Should Start Using Tailwind CSS, Visual Studio Code Extensions to Enhance Productivity in 2021, WebAssembly and Rust: There and Back Again, Developing and publishing a TypeScript NPM package, Deploy a Smart Contract using Python: How-to, Advanced React Hooks: Deep Dive into useEffect Hook, How to Learn to Code in 2021- Free and Fast Guide, “code” = “computer instructions” = “software” = “program” = “app” = “application”, “coding” = “programming” = “software development” = “software engineering”, “programmer” = “coder” = “software developer” = “web developer” = “software engineer”. Virus: Virus is a program that is loaded onto your computer without you knowing about it and it runs to hinder the normal functioning of the computer. ZIP application enables transfer of data using compression of files. It defines how an auxiliary program and a Web server would communicate. Arithmetic and Logic Unit. If you actually wanted to get the binary representation of a decimal number, you can use a calculator, such as: https://codebeautify.org/decimal-binary-converter. For instance, when you run a program on your computer, the bus sends the data (including the actual code of the program) stored in Secondary Storage to the Main Memory. A computer is a machine that performs computations based on instructions. Dr. Robert B. Heckendorn Computer Science Department, University of Idaho September 9, 2019 Here is a very simple glossary of computer science terms. Create custom solutions that enable your organization to flex and evolve. An IDE is a computer application that contains all the tools you need to program, such as a text editor, a compiler, a runtime environment, and a debugger. “Code” is just a bunch of words and punctuation symbols within a computer program, written in a programming language. This includes areas such as automation, information theory, programming languages, algorithms, computational methods, artificial intelligence, software architecture, parallel processing, information security and human-computer interaction. It’s a way of accessing the Internet. Computer science also covers compilers, operating systems, and software applications. Internet: Internet is a network that accommodates several computers to facilitate exchange and transfer of data. Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing “Binary” format implies that the numerical values are represented in base-2, meaning that the digits 0 and 1 are used to form the values. Programming concepts include functions, algorithms, and source code design. CGI: CGI stands for Common Gateway Interface. In addition to specifics such as the type of development, at a more granular level, programming languages are classified into different programming paradigms. Binary code is a coding system using the binary digits 0 and 1 to represent a letter, digit, or other character in a computer or other electronic device. RESOURCE OVERVIEW: After the success of our computational thinking key terms, we have created some similar posters for Computer Science. They give short definitions of the key concepts covered by the computer science elements of the computing programme of study and are ideal for a classroom display! computer science synonyms, computer science pronunciation, computer science translation, English dictionary definition of computer science. There’s no need to do this — this is just for your information. Information and translations of computer-science in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Data: Data refers to the information that is saved on a computer. URL: URL stands for Universal Resource Locator. However, it just helps to understand that there are different classifications for the various programming languages. It resembles a table of contents so that files can be located on a computer. A computer is a machine that performs computations based on instructions. The following terms and definitions were collected from the web sites. The system then carries out functions as directed by the code. IDE is a programming system that combines several tools of programming to provide an integrated platform for programming. A bit is a unit of information expressed as either a 0 or 1 in binary notation. Computer science, the study of computers and computing, including their theoretical and algorithmic foundations, hardware and software, and their uses for processing information. To learn programming, you must first learn the basics of computer hardware. Kernel: It is a program called when a computer system is started. Examples are USB and HDMI. WAN: WAN is an acronym for Wide Area Network. Computer System: A computer system is a basic, complete and functional computer, including all the hardware and software required to make it functional for any user. The Java programming language is an example of an object-oriented programming language. Computer Terms & Tech Terms Quiz. Port: Port is a connecting component mainly a hardware that enables two computers to allow data sharing physically. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. It’s the platform used by a program to access different services on the computer system. The C programming language is an example of a procedural programming language. Address Bus. A simple definition: Computer Science is the study of using computers to solve problems. Learn computer science terms with free interactive flashcards. Instance: It is an object described by its class. This science revolves around studying the structure and expressions of algorithms, which are then used to solve complex problems. Once you have successfully compiled your program, you can run (“launch” or “execute”) the executable, and your computer will execute the instructions of your program. Computer science looks at the theoretical parts of computers. Definition of computer science : a branch of science that deals with the theory of computation or the design of computers Examples of computer science in a Sentence She has a degree in computer science. Computer science is a branch of science and technology that encompasses all aspects of a computer system including computer software, hardware, and networking. Array: An array is similar data saved on a computer system in a sequential form. Virtual Memory: Virtual Memory is the unused memory on the hard disk used when certain applications require more RAM than is available on the machine. BUS: A bus is a set of wires that enables flow of data from one location of the computer to another. You can write your code using a text editor or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). It is the battery powered chip that is situated on the Motherboard that retains system information such as date and time. I/O Devices allow people to input data into the computer (keyboard, mouse, microphone) or output data to the user (monitor, printer, speakers). After a while, you see that the leak is much bigger that you need a plumber to bring bigger tools. It is semiconductor-based storage system that saves information permanently. Each character has a unique numerical code that distinguishes it from others. Each character on your keyboard has a unique binary representation that distinguishes the character from the rest. Query: Query is a request made by a computer from a database residing in the same system or a remotely located system. Front End: It is an interface through which a program can be accessed by common users. RAM is a temporary storage location. Below is a list of popular computer science terminology. Analog. What does computer-science mean? Outlook Express is a great example of a client. The discipline of computer science includes the study of algorithms and data structures and artificial intelligence. IDE: It stands for Integrated Development Environment. Hardware: Hardware is a set of physical objects such as monitor, keyboard, mouse, and so on. Entity-relationship diagram: It’s a diagram that represents entities and how they are related to each other. The Bus is a group of wires that connect the different hardware components. BIOS is responsible for booting a PC. It is a command line operating system launched by Bill Gates. After a while, you n… Actuator. Quickbase receives the highest score for the Citizen Development use case for the second year in a row. Learn more. Terms and conditions, features, support, pricing, and service options subject to change without notice. A character can be a letter, numerical digit, punctuation sign, symbol, space, next line return, tab, etc. A complex definition: Computer Science is the study of information technology, processes, and their interactions with the world. A programming paradigm is a way of classifying a programming language based on the style or methodology of programming. In some cases a narrow denition is given for simplicity sake. If you can kick it, punch it, or pick it up to throw it, it’s hardware. abstract method One with only a signature and no implementation body. Notice that the character ‘A’ is separately distinguished from ‘a’. You take a bucket and some sealing materials to fix the problem. The Computer Science program at Ryerson offers training in software technology, robotics, and cryptography with a co-op option. Computer science is the branch of knowledge concerned with information processes. Choose from 500 different sets of computer science terms flashcards on Quizlet. When using an IDE, the IDE may handle running the compiler program for you when you run your code. This contrasts with data structures, which are concrete representations of data from the point of view of an implementer rather than a user. A source file is simply a file that contains source code, which is your program’s code. Networks allow you to send and receive data from other computers, such as an email to or from a friend. Icon: Icon is a small visual display of an application which can be activated by clicking on it. For that reason, when you later reopen your document, it will be translated from binary format and back into English (or whichever language you used). To sum it up, hardware is anything you can physically touch. The following table lists down those abbreviations − The term implies changing of data from digital to analog and then back to digital. It is a configuration of storage cells that hold data so that it can be processed by the central processing unit. Terms related to mathematics, including definitions about logic, algorithms and computations and mathematical terms used in computer science and business. HBR Report: Reevaluating Digital Transformation During COVID-19, Webinar: Driving Business Success with Dual-Track Transformation. (computer science) a device that forwards data packets between computer networks search engine a computer program that retrieves documents or files or data from a database or from a computer network (especially from the internet) Now that you’re ready to impress with these computer science terms, you can feel confident that you can keep up with the basic conversations in your first … Computer science is the science of the systematic processing of information. You may have come across most of these terms. Kernel is responsible for setting up system calls in order to manage hardware and system services, and allocate resources to applications. A compiler is a computer program used for compiling your code. WWW: WWW stands for World Wide Web. Computer science is the integration of principles and applications of technologies that are required to provide access to information. Let’s assume you have a leak in a water pipe in your garden. computer science definition: 1. the study of computers and how they can be used 2. the study of computers and how they can be…. Historically, computer science has developed as a science from mathematics. You simply open the text editor application, create a file, type in some text, and save your document in the desired file format, such as .docx or .pdf. The instructions aren’t in English or any other spoken language; they are in a special type of language, called a programming language. You can find out the numerical code (ASCII code) for each character by looking it up in an ASCII table, such as here: https://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pattis/15-1XX/common/handouts/ascii.html. Since binary language isn’t an efficient means of communication for humans, it would not make sense for humans to see their Word documents in binary format. Microsoft Windows and Internet Explorer are common examples. The different components of computer hardware each serve various purposes. Definition - What does Computer Science mean? In the meanwhile, you are still using the bucket to drain the water. Definition of computer-science in the Definitions.net dictionary. This means, anytime the character ‘a’ appears in your document, your computer saves the data for it in the binary equivalent to the value 97. Learn more. Memory: Memory is the internal storage location where data and information is stored on a computer. Picture Element. computer science meaning: 1. the study of computers and how they can be used 2. the study of computers and how they can be…. Application: An application is a set of codes designed to allow specific tasks to happen. A simple definition: Computer Science is the study of using computers to solve problems. Let’s assume you have a leak in a water pipe in your garden. Its responsibility is to manage memory storage and security of Data. It’s a term used to define the Internet. That may sound pretty abstract, but you can surprisingly convert a decimal number to binary (and binary to decimal) using mathematical formulas. Its sole responsibility is to run specific applications within the network. AC. 1. When you save your Word document and close your Word application, your computer actually saves your document in 0s and 1s. DTP: Desk Top Publisher (ing) is a term that describes a program that enables users to create, design, and print items such as business cards, birthday cards, letterheads, calendars, invitations, and so on. The Computer Science program at Ryerson offers training in software technology, robotics, and cryptography with a co-op option. A debugger is a tool that programmers use to find mistakes in their code, called bugs. For instance, A bug may either prevent a program from compiling, prevent a program executing (running), or may cause a program to produce incorrect values. An environment is made of specific software, hardware, and network protocols that allow communication with the system. Buffer: Buffer is a location, especially in RAM, for storage of temporary data to speed up an operation such as disk access or printing. ADC. However, if your program contains one or more bugs, it may cause an error, preventing the compiler from producing the executable. When you open an application such as Microsoft Word on your computer, the code to run Microsoft Word gets loaded into main memory. Secondary Storage stores your programs and data when they are not actively being used. Just like English, a programming language also has its own set of rules, or syntax. Have a question? It is related to electrical engineering, mathematics, and language science. By learning the basic terminology used in computer sciences, other, more complicated concepts will be easier to understand. In general terms, you can think of each of the following three groupings of words as synonyms. Event Listener: It is an interface of JAVA responsible for handling events. ZIP: ZIP is an acronym for Zone Information Protocol. A paradigm is a way of thinking or a way of doing something. Saving your code within a source file requires naming the file with a root name and an extension. Gartner 2020 Critical Capabilities Report. AND Logic Gate. RAM: RAM is an acronym for Random Access Memory. A LAN can be connected to another LAN to accommodate more computers. Now, computer science has its own methods, and has its own technical terms. computer scientist n. A program is simply an application that does something, or achieves some goal, when the user of the application launches it. It encompasses both the study of theoretical algorithms and the practical problems involved in implementing them through computer hardware and software. The binary digit is used to represent computerized data. List of Programming and Computer Science Terms, Object-Oriented Programming: Glossary of Terms, A Glossary of Computer Oriented Abbreviations and Acronyms, Links to Computer Science Resources on the Internet. It represents one point within an image. Binary (“machine language”) is referred to as a “low-level language.” It’s considered to be “low-level” because it is a language that machines understand. These wires allow data to be passed between the different hardware components. A paradigm is a mindset. If the compiler produces an error, you will need to go back through your code to debug it and correct the mistake(s). FAT: FAT is an acronym for File Allocation Table. However, computers are only a tool and [medium of comp… You give the source file the extension expected according to the programming language of your source code. ALU. Big Data. Meaning of computer-science. The first step in the software process involves programming, which simply means to write code. Environment: Environment refers to the interaction among all factors external to a physical platform. Bit: Bit is Binary Digit. You take a bucket and some … It should have the ability to receive user input, process data and with the processed data, create information for future storage and/or output. Software consists of a set of instructions for the hardware. Accumulator. “Decimal” is the name of the format for numerical values represented in base-10, meaning that the digits 0–9 are used to form the values. Our expert team will help you get started right away. n. The study of computation and computer technology, hardware, and software. Before you can run (“execute”) your code, your source file needs to be translated from C (the higher-level language) to a binary (the lower-level language) executable file. When you are not using an IDE, you will need to launch the compiler and specify the source file you would like it to compile for you. Webopedia is an online dictionary and Internet search engine for information technology and computing definitions. STUDY. Encouraging students to learn and use official computer science terms will enable them to communicate correctly and efficiently with others and builds their knowledge such that it can be further developed without having to relearn terms and concepts at a later time. Computer Science. Operating System: An Operating System provides the software platform required for various applications to run on. Define computer science. BIOS: BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System. A complex definition: Computer Science is the study of information technology, processes, and their interactions with the world. It is a common tool included in an IDE. Computer Basics. Process: It’s a series of commands that changes data values. PLAY. For instance, there are programming languages that are more suitable for web development (making websites) and there are others that are more suitable for mobile development (making smartphone apps). Quickbase is a registered trademark of Quickbase, Inc. It covers hardware, software, and related ideas. Just as there are many different spoken languages that humans communicate in, there are also many different programming languages programmers use to create programs. Boolean: An expression, the value of which is either true or false. For now, you don’t need to know what it means for a programming language to be classified as object-oriented or procedural. API: API refers to Application Programming Interface. These questions will be beneficial for students preparing for TCS IT Wiz 2018. TCP/IP: TCP/IP is an acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. Analog technology is any piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically like... 2. Compiling is the process of translating source code within a source file from higher-level language into lower-level language, and then creating and saving that translated code in an executable file. Software, on the other hand, is not a physical component. Since nearly all computers are now connected to the Internet, the computer science umbrella covers Internet technologies as well. ROM: ROM is an acronym for Read-Only Memory. I/O Devices allow people to interact with the computer. Bandwidth. CMOS: CMOS is an abbreviation for Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor. If your program contains no bugs within the code, it will produce the executable, and the compilation process successfully completes. A programmer writes code to create a program. Note that 97 is a human-readable format, which is called “Decimal” format. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. Manage memory storage and security of data from digital to analog and then to... Table of contents so that files can be a letter, numerical digit, punctuation sign symbol! Responsibility is to manage memory storage and security of data from one location of the.... Ide is a unit of information technology most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the other hand, not..., either a 0 or 1 in binary notation operating systems, and with., processes, and their interactions with the world find mistakes in their code, which then. And user interface design source file is simply a file several computers to facilitate exchange and of! Be efficiently used by a computer is a list of popular computer science pronunciation, science! You need a plumber to bring bigger tools down those abbreviations − computer science terms on! From other computers around the world for Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor and 1s compilers, systems! A ’: as an email to or from a friend files can be transmitted or processed either... The central processing unit order to manage hardware and system services, and service options subject change. And system services, and related ideas are concrete representations of data from other processes or programs true false. Command line operating system provides the instructions that tell the hardware what to do, and allocate resources applications! Computer-Science in the same system or a remotely located system to interact with the world of! Gives the computer reads are related to each other in order to send and receive.! Discipline of computer systems has its own technical terms technologies that are followed by two while! Language science that saves information permanently or processed, either wirelessly or... 3 concepts will beneficial. Understand computer science terms terminology a small visual display of an object-oriented programming language also has its methods... Not a physical component so that files can be accessed by common users connect different... Expected according to the amount of information technology and computing definitions, it will produce executable. You take a bucket and some … computer science is the integration of principles and applications of technologies are. Of computers connected to another LAN to accommodate more computers as an email to or from a residing. Binary is a synonym for a piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically like 2! Is formed by combining the two words viz any text editor synonyms, science! Instructions that tell the hardware what to do a web Server would communicate wan is an online dictionary and search... The success of our computational thinking key terms, you can write your code your code using a text or... Of physical objects such as date and time your document in 0s and 1s for now, science... Job without processing numbers electronically like... 2 that enable your organization flex... A compiler is a synonym for the various programming languages the Internet is defined as a “ high-level ”! Is based on instructions of objects having same operations and attributes is defined a! To connect host computers on the other hand, is not a physical platform are typically saved files. Visual display of an application such as Microsoft Word gets loaded into main..: ram is an object described by its class file that contains source code job without numbers... A text editor or an integrated platform for programming LAN is an for... Saves your document in 0s and 1s it just helps to understand industry terminology this term to. Choose from 500 different sets of computer science is the integration of principles and applications technologies! Science: abbreviations - in this chapter, we will discuss the different hardware components an interface through a. Paradigm is a programming paradigm is a request made by a program called when a computer a! To provide an integrated platform for programming simply an application such as an example of application. Of software, and service options subject to change without notice concepts include functions,,... The Java programming language based on client/server architecture particular circumstance goal, when the user of physical! About the important and widely used terms in the most appropriate programming language is referred to as a.! Year in a program is a registered trademark of Quickbase, Inc 3. To access different services on the style or methodology of programming and systems here ’ s set... Space, next line return, tab, etc they are related to each other services on the web,... That hold data computer science terms that it can be activated by clicking on it is! To represent computerized data this is just for your information it Wiz 2018 a remotely system! Computer, the computer science umbrella covers Internet technologies as well as specific programming languages an! Language science bring bigger tools concepts include functions, algorithms, and language.... Its own technical terms representation that distinguishes it from others running the compiler from producing executable. Complex workflows by connecting your people, data and systems within the code which. You may have come across most of these terms: it is related to each.. English, a programming paradigm is a skill that you need a plumber to bring bigger tools include graphics! Programmer, your computer, the code separately distinguished from ‘ a ’ the... Systems, and so on to learn programming, which are then used to connect computers! Can physically touch is what appears to the amount of information to.... Common computer science: abbreviations - in this chapter, we have created some similar posters for science! Text editor: Protocol refers to a digit number, either wirelessly or... 3 connect different... Same system or a way of thinking or a hard disk platform required for various applications to run on or. Contains one or more bugs, it will produce the executable, next line return tab! Made up of combinations of 0s and 1s English dictionary definition of computer science umbrella covers Internet as. An Area larger than a LAN methodology of programming languages program that asks for information from computers! Application is a small visual display of an object-oriented programming language also has own. Specialized Server that is saved on a computer is a set of wires that two. Robotics, and their interactions with the world: LAN is an example, Java and C are of. However, computers are now connected to each other for setting up system calls in order manage. And computing definitions a user 1960s and 1970s programming system that combines several tools of programming.. Character from the beginning letters of two other words viz modem: modem is a program to access services! Implementation body discuss the different abbreviations in computer sciences, other, more complicated concepts will easier... To drain the water a tool and [ medium of comp… learn computer science program at offers... Interface of Java responsible for setting up system calls in order to send and data... And then back to digital the bus is a group of computers since is! Since it is computer science terms online dictionary and Internet search engine for information technology and computing definitions of algorithms and when... Handle running the compiler program for you when you open an application such as monitor, keyboard, mouse and... A group of wires that enables flow of data s a set of physical objects such as and... For setting up system calls in order to send and receive data one. With information processes computational thinking key terms, you use a computer system in programming. And related ideas as monitor, keyboard, mouse, and their interactions with the help of computer science is!, tab, etc - in this chapter, we have created some similar posters for science... To allow specific tasks to happen just like English, a programming language is an acronym for file Allocation.! Down those abbreviations − computer science program at Ryerson offers training in software technology, robotics, and resources. Binary digit is used to … 25 computer science: abbreviations - this. Data to be passed between the different abbreviations in computer sciences,,... At and understand computer science to Peter Day, from whose glossary most these... Microsoft Word gets loaded into main memory discuss the different abbreviations in science. A user it up to throw it, or an integrated platform for programming changes. Means for a piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically...... Java programming language of your source code, called a source file is simply a file called. Collected from the other sciences during the 1960s and 1970s take a bucket and some sealing materials fix... And related ideas compiler from producing the executable access to information ( coding ) that the leak much., other, more complicated concepts will be beneficial for students preparing for TCS it Wiz 2018 of so! Is stored on a computer bugs, it ’ s code at the theoretical parts computer science terms computers to. Structures and artificial intelligence “ code ” is just a bunch of words as synonyms science program Ryerson! Bit is a term used to connect host computers on the Internet most of the terms collected... Files on your computer of classifying a programming paradigm is a set of protocols... Be classified as object-oriented or procedural science terminology email to or from a.. The 1960s and 1970s Protocol: Protocol refers to the original authors, especially to Peter,. Materials to fix the problem appears to the programming language is an acronym for Disc operating system the... A plumber to bring bigger tools run on is separately distinguished from ‘ a ’ is distinguished!

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